The French and Indian war from 1754 until 1763 is perhaps one of the last significant conflicts on the North American continent in which Native tribes played a significant and decisive role. It was the ultimate struggle for the dominion of the lands that once were freely in possession of the original inhabitants of the Americas. The European colonial powers saw in the native tribes and confederacies essential allies in their war for the continent. The acknowledgement of the importance of natives in the battle for survival in the harsh conditions of the New World was already present in the early days of European colonialism. From Spanish conquistadores in Florida to the Scottish at the isthmus of Darien, all had to find a way to cope with the natives living on the lands in order to establish a flourishing colony.