In the seventeenth century the people of the most densely populated area in Europe would become the leading nation in the world.The Dutch Golden Age brought Flemings, Walloons and immigrants in the Dutch Republic enormous wealth and prosperity. At first the East India Company brought the Dutch the valuable commodities from the Eastern hemisphere. To expand this success the West India Company was founded and chartered by the States General to make a claim in the Americas and regulate slave trade in Africa. The Dutch colonies at the Delaware, Connecticut and Hudson rivers were quite prosperous and flourished under free trade. This essay will focus on the Dutch colony of New Amsterdam which is now widely known as New York City. When between 1624 and 1626 the Hudson River valley was taken by the Dutch, Deacon Pierre Minuit founded New Amsterdam at the estuary of the Hudson at Manhattan. New Amsterdam was intended to become, as a part of New Netherland, a mere reflection of the mother country in terms of trade, religion and the state. Continue reading
The French and Indian war from 1754 until 1763 is perhaps one of the last significant conflicts on the North American continent in which Native tribes played a significant and decisive role. It was the ultimate struggle for the dominion of the lands that once were freely in possession of the original inhabitants of the Americas. The European colonial powers saw in the native tribes and confederacies essential allies in their war for the continent. The acknowledgement of the importance of natives in the battle for survival in the harsh conditions of the New World was already present in the early days of European colonialism. From Spanish conquistadores in Florida to the Scottish at the isthmus of Darien, all had to find a way to cope with the natives living on the lands in order to establish a flourishing colony.